THE CREATION OF ANGELS

WRITTEN BY:

 

Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvy (ra)

 

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Silsila Qadria Naushahia>Islamic Resource>Sunni Path>Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvy (RA)>The Creation Of Angels

 

 

THE CREATION OF ANGELS


BY

Hazrat Azeemul-Barkat Mujaddid
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan
(Alaihe Rahma Wal Ridhwan)


Translated By:

Abu Muhammad Abdul Haadi Al Qadri


1.1
In the treatise Sha'bul Imam, Imam Bahiqi (Radi Allah Anho), reports a Hadith from Sayyiduna Jabir (Radi
Allah Anho) in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:


"When Almighty Allah created Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alehis salam)and his progeny, the Angels remarked.
"O Almighty Allah ! You have created such beings that eat and drink, cohabit and travel. Make the world a
place for their dwelling and let us be the inmates of the Hereafter."


The Most Revered Almighty Allah Replied:

I shall not make him who has been fashioned by My Power, and in whom I have bequeathed the spirit and
then Commanded, "Be!" and he became. Form this Hadith, one important fact emerges. While
the creation of man was effected through a gradual and systematic process, namely, the stage of dust, which was
then shaped into a human form, and finally, the bequeathing of the soul in him. Looking at it from another
angle, first the stage of sperm, then a speck of blood which changed to a piece of meat, then the formation of limbs,
which then took human shape, and finally, the soul been bequeathed.

Angels, on the other hand, are created by the Supreme Command "Be" and they become, or they come into
existence.

1.2 Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

Angels are created from light. The Jinn's from fire containing smoke, and Sayyiduna Nabi
Adam ( Alehis salam ) from that already mentioned to you.
(Namely black, white and red sand according to Sayyiduna Ibne- Sa'ad (Radi Allah Anho) who narrates
from Sayyiduna Abu-Zar (Radi Allah Anho), who narrates from Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw). Imam Ahmed bin
Hambal (Radi Allah Anho), and Imam Muslim (Radi Allah Anho), narrate from Ummul-Mo'mineen Sayyadah Ayesha
Siddiqah (Radi Allah Unha ).

1.3 Sayyiduna Imam Abdur-Raz'zaq (Radi Allah Anho ), (Ustaaz of Imam Bukhari) in his Musannaf narrates
another Hadith Shareef from Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah ( Radi Allah Anho ), in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah
(saw) is reported to have stated:

O Jabir! Most certainly Almighty Allah Created the Noor (Light) of your Nabi before anything else. Then,
when He decided to create the world, He divided the Noor (Light) of your Nabi into four portions. From the
first portion, He created the Qalam of destiny, from the second, the Lohe-Mahfooz, from the third, the Divine
portions. From the first portion, He created those Angels who are the bearers of the Arsh,
from the second, the Divine Chair and from the third, the rest of the Angels.

1.4 Allama Faasi (Radi Allah Anho), in his book "Mutaali-ul-Musarrat" under the discussion of Dala'il has
recorded the following Hadith from Imam Ash'ari (Radi Allah Anho), who narrates,

Verily, the Almighty Allah is an Incomparable Light, the soul of Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) is the
splendid glow of that light. Almighty Allah first created my Noor (light) and from this Noor He created
everything else.

1.5 Sayyiduna Abu Sheikh (Radi Allah Anho), narrates the following Hadith from Sayyiduna Akramah (Radi Allah
Anho), who reports that Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

Most certainly, Angels are created from the Divine Noor (light) of Almighty Allah.

1.6 It is also narrated by Sayyiduna Yazeed bin Romaan (Radi Allah Anho), that he received the following
information:

Indeed the Angels are created from Divinely Blessed light. I (Imam Ahmed Raza) say that a commentary of Imam
Badruddin Mahmood Ai'nee (Radi Allah Anho), of a similar Hadith is found in his book Umdatul Qaari Sharah
Sahi-ul-Bukhari (Radi Allah Anho), carrying an interesting observation of Sayyiduna Ali (Radi Allah Anho) where in
he mentions:

There is an Angel named Rooh, who has seventy thousand heads, Each head has seventy thousand
faces, and face contains seventy thousand mouths. Each mouth is made up of seventy thousand
tongues and each tongue is blessed with seventy thousand tongues and each tongue is blessed
with seventy thousand languages. "By means of these languages, this Angel is constantly
reciting the Tasbeeh of Almighty Allah From each Tasbeeh, one Angel is being Created. This angel soars
into the Heavens with the rest of the three Angels until the Day of Judgment".

(i.e. the number of different languages in which the Angels Glorify Almighty Allah will be
1680700000000000000000000) All Praise is due to Almighty Allah Who is Infinite and so are His
Attributes and Glory!

1.7 Sayyiduna Tha'alb (Radi Allah Anho), has reported a Hadith from Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Mas'ood (Radi
Allah Anho), who mentions that the Beloved Habeeb (saw) has stated:


"There is an Angel named Rooh who is of greater magnitude than the Heavens and the Earth, as well as
the mountains and the other Angels. Its station is the Fourth Sky".

Daily, he recites twelve thousand Tasbeeh. From each Tasbeeh, one Angel is created. On the Day of
Judgment, this Angel will form one complete row himself, while the rest of the Angels will form another
row.

 
Referring to this Hadith, several Scholars have made interesting comments. Imam Al Baghawi (Radi Allah
Anho) in his book Al-Mua'allim quotes that the verse, "Rooh and the other Angels will stand in rows on the Day
of Judgment", refers to the above Hadith. Imam Badruddin Mahmood Ai'nee (Radi Allah Anho) in his book Umdatul
Qari Sharah Sahi-ul-Bukhari says that the verse, "And they shall question you regarding Rooh" refers to this Hadith.

In the book Mawahib-ul-Ladunnia, Imam Ibne Hajr Qastalani (Radi Allah Anho) states : "There is a celestial
world found in the Heaven (made from water and smoke), wherein are Angles created from water and air. The leader
of these Angels is Ra'ad, who is responsible for the clouds and rain".

1.8 Sheikh Akber Muhiuddin ibne arabi (Radi Allah Anho), states in his book Al Futuhaate Makkiyah (Radi
Allah Anho), that:


"Almighty Allah first sparked a bright refulgence from light. Then, He created darkness. On the darkness, the
image of this light shone, which revealed the light of the morning, but included the darkness of the night,
Almighty Allah Created those Angels which are found within the precincts of the Divine Throne (Arsh) and
the Divine Chair (Kursi). These Angels also reflect the material of the Divine Chair."
The above is recorded by Sheikh-e-Akbar (Radi Allah Anho), in the thirteenth chapter of Futahaate-Makkiyah and
also quoted by Imam Abdul-Wah'ab Sharani (Radi Allah Anho), in his Al-Yuwaqeet-wal-Jawahir.

1.9 Sayyiduna Abu Saeed (Radi Allah Anho) narrates the following Hadith of Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) in
which he has stated:

Verily, there is a river in Heaven, in which whenever Jibra'il ( Alehis salam ) submerges his wings and
shakes it, small droplets of water drip from it. From each droplet, an Angel is created.

Indeed, one cannot estimate the droplets of water that drips from the wing of Sayyiduna Jibra'il (Alehis salam ).
Why, simply because Sayyiduna Jibra'il (Alehis salam ) has six hundred wings and each wings is so huge that when he
spreads it, it casts a shadow over the entire sky.

1.10 It has been reported from Sayyiduna ibne Abi Hatim Imam Aqueeli (Radi Allah Anho), and Sayyiduna
Abu Hurairah (Radi Allah Anho), that Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

In the fourth Heaven, there is a river called Haywaan (River of Life). Each day Jibra'il ( Alehis salam )
dips in it and shakes his wings letting of seventy thousand drops. From each of these droplets Almighty
Allah Creates one Angel, These Angels are commanded to perform Salah, they come out from the
Bait-ul-Ma'moor never to return . One Angel from this groups is appointed their leader and he is delegated
the duty of taking these angels to one spot in the Heaven where they will stand reciting the Tasbeeh of
Almighty Allah till the Day of Judgment.

1.11 Imam Ata Imam Maqaatil (Radi Allah Anho), and Imam Dhahaq (Radi Allah Anho), report a Hadith as
narrated By Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Abbas (Radi Allah Anho), in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

On the right-hand side of the Divine Throne is found a River of Light, which in magnitude is equal to
the seven Heavens, the seven crusts of the earth and the seven oceans. In it Jibra'il (Alehis salam) bathes
each morning, where by his brightness and beauty is constantly increased. When Jibra'il (Alehis salam)
comes out of this water, he flutters his wings. From each drop that fall from his wings, a thousand Angels
are created and from these multitude of Angels seventy thousand are commanded to enter the Bait-ul-
Ma'moor, none of whom will get another chance to enter this illustrious place until the Day of Judgment.
In the above Hadith Shareef, Imam Fakruddin Raazi (Radi Allah Anho), has quoted a Hadith in his treatise
Tafseer in support of the commentary of the verse: "And He creates that which you will not perceive."

1.12 Imam Abu-Naeem (Radi Allah Anho), Imam Khateem Ibne Asakar (Radi Allah Anho), and Imam Bahiqi
(Radi Allah Anho), narrate in Kitabur-Roh'ya that Imam ibne Hajr (Radi Allah Anho), Ali bin Abi Urtahtah (Radi
Allah Anho), reports a Hadith that has been narrated by several Shaba, in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has
stated:

There are some Angel Almighty Allah who every limb Trembles from the constant fear of Almighty Allah
Whichever of these Angels shads a tear, it is immediately transformed into an Angel before that tear
can even reach the ground.

1.13 It has been reported that Sayyiduna Abush Sheikh (Radi Allah Anho), narrates from Sayyiduna Ka'ab-ul-
Ahbaar (Radi Allah Anho) that:

Whichever of these Angels sheds a tear, it change Into an Angel and flies away with the Fear of Almighty
Allah.

 
1.14 Imam ibne Bashk'waal (Radi Allah Anho), reports a Hadith from Sayyiduna Anas (Radi Allah Anho), in which
Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

Whosoever sends a Darood Shareef upon me with the intention of honoring me, Almighty Allah will
transform that Darood Shareef ( Salawat ) into an Angel, whose one wing spreads to the East and
one to the West. Almighty Allah commands this Angel: "O My Angel! Send Darood upon my servant
as he has sent Darood upon My Beloved Habeeb (saw).

 
In response to this Divine Command, the Angel will continues to send Darood upon the person till the Day of
Judgment. Similarly, my illustrious father, Khatim-ul-Muhaqqiqeen Arif-e-Billah Moulana Naqi Ali Khan (Radi
Allah Anho), in this famous book Al Kalam-ul- Awdah fi Tafseer-e-Sura Alam-Nashrah reports a Hadith from Imam
Sakhawi (Radi Allah Anho), in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated: "There is one Angel of Almighty
Allah whose one side is in the East and one (side) is in the west, When anyone sends Darood Shareef upon me out of
love and devotion, this Angel dives into the Heavenly water and flutters his wing. From each drop that falls from his
wing, Almighty Allah Creates one Angel who will be reciting Istagfaar (seeking pardon) for this person until the
Day of Judgment."


1.15 In the book Mawahib-ul-Ladunnia, it is reported that:

There are some Angels who are constantly engaged in reciting the Tasbeeh of Almighty Allah for every
Tasbeeh they recite, Almighty Allah Creates one Angel.

1.16 Sheikh-e-Akbar Sayyiduna Muhiuddin ibne Arabi (Radi Allah Anho), in his famous treatise Al
Futuhaa-tul- Makkiyah states: "Pious deeds and words take the form of an Angel, which elevates the
Heaven." In his esteemed opinion, this is in accordance with the divine verse, which means,
"Unto Him soars good words and pious deeds elevate it."

1.17 Imam Qurtabi (Radi Allah Anho), in his book Tazkirah, narrates on the authority of great Scholars
who maintain that, "Angels will intercede on behalf of the reciter on the Day of Judgment."

1.18 Imam Arif Billah Abdul Wahab Sharani (Radi Allah Anho), states in his famous treatise
Meezanush Share'a-tul-Kubra that, "Angels are created from the breath of pious people. Those that
are created from the breath of pious women acquire greater beauty and chastity than those created from
the breaths of men."

1.19 From the above mentioned eighteen Ahadith and quotations of great Scholars of Islam we can
ascertain about the different ways in which Angels are created. These prove beyond a shadow of doubt
that Angels are created daily in large numbers. Only their Creator and what He has revealed to His
beloved servants who know their true numbers.

THE DEATH OF ANGELS
When Imam Waliuddin Iraqi (Radi Allah Anho), was questioned regarding the death of Angels, he replied:

In my opinion, no concrete proof is on hand regarding this matter. However, mere conjecture in respect of
this subject is unwise, as it leaver no room for me personal opinions and conjectures.
Contrary to this belief, the majorityof the Ulama of the Ahle Sunnat are of the opinion that Angels are created from
light delicate bodies. It is categorically proven from authentic sources that Angels will experience death without
any doubt. Such a belief is in accordance with the Quranic verse, which proclaims:

Every soul shall taste death.

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Abbas (Radi Allah Anho), states that when the verse,


"Every thing upon it (earth) shall perish" was revealed, the Angels proclaimed,
"All dwellers upon the earth will die" meaning that they (the Angels) are safe from death. Yet, when the verse
"Every soul shall taste death" was reveled, they proclaimed, "Now, we too will die" (Imam Raazi
(Radi Allah Anho), records this in Mafaatiul Ghaib and Imam Ibne Jareer (Radi Allah Anho), narrates this from
him.)


Sayyiduna Imam ibne Jareer (Radi Allah Anho), also reports from Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Abbas (Radi Allah
Anho), who states:

The Angel of Death is appointed to capture the souls of Muslims and Angels alike.

Imam ibne Jareer (Radi Allah Anho), Imam Ibnus-Sheikh (Radi Allah Anho), and others also narrate another
lengthy Hadith Shareef from Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (Radi Allah Anho), that the Beloved Prophet (saw) of
Almighty Allah said:

"The last Angel to die will be the Angel of Death".


Imam Bahiqi (Radi Allah Anho), and Imam Faryaabi (Radi Allah Anho), record that Sayyiduna Anas
(Radi Allah Anho), has narrated the following detailed Hadith from Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw), Which proves
comprehensively that Angels too will also experience death.


Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) stated: "When everything will begin to perish only Jibra'il, Meka'il, and
the Angel of Death will remain. Then Almighty Allah will State, `O Angel of Death! Who else is still spared?' The
reply will be, `None but Thy Graceful Self, Who is Eternal, as well as Thy servants Jibra'il and Meka'il and the Angel
of Death'.
"At this a Divine Command will be issued, `Capture the souls of Meka'il' at which Meka'il will fall like a
great and mighty Mountain."

"Once again Almighty Allah the All-Knowing, will Ask, `Who is spared? The reply will be, `None but Thy
Graceful Self, Jibra'il and the Angel of Death.' Again the Command will be given, `Capture the soul of

Jibra'il', at which Jibra'il will flutter his wings, fall into prostration and pass away.
"Finally, when the Angel of Death himself will pass away. The All-Wise, and Great Creator will proclaim,
`In the beginning, I brought the creations into existence and I will once more bring it to life. Where are those
rulers that laid claim to kingship?' There will be no answer. The Almighty Allah Himself will Reply,
`Today, kingship belongs to Almighty Allah Alone, the sole Controller'."
From this Hadith we learn that even Almighty Allah's closest Angels will not live beyond the Day of Judgment.

The crux of the matter is that daily numerous Angels are created, who engage themselves in the constant Tasbeeh of
Almighty Allah and who live only until the of Judgment. These include Angels, which are created from the recitation
of Darood Shareef. In fact, it is not substantiated from any Hadith that Angels will not be subjected to death. In fact,
Sayyiduna ibne Abbas (Radi Allah Anho), makes it clear that before the revelation the verse, "Every soul shall taste
death" Angels were not aware of themselves experiencing death.


With regards to the two Angels, Kiraman Katibeen, who accompany every Muslim, Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

"After the death of the Muslim, they soar to the heaven and seek permission to live there, but Almighty Allah
turns down their request saying, `My Heavens are full of Angels who are constantly engaged in Glorifying
Me'. Then they will Reply, `My creation has filled the earth, constantly glorifying Me.' Thereafter, Almighty

Allah Will Command them to stand at the graveside of the Muslims and the servants of Almighty Allah to
recite the Tasbeeh of Almighty Allah, and the Thawaab of which is then bestowed upon the deceased
person".

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Abbas (Radi Allah Anho), narrates that Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

Angels will die at the time when the first Trumpet will be sounded on the Day of Judgment. The Angel
of Death will capture their souls. There after, the Angel of Death him self will succumb to death.

CONCLUSION


After the completion of this work, I came across one Fatwa regarding the Angels found in Allama ibne Hajr
Makki's (Radi Allah Anho) Fatawah Hadithiyah, in which the learned Imam affirms that Angels will experience death
when the first Trumpet will be sounded, but the Carriers of the Divine Throne and the four exalted Angels will be the
last to pass away. Regarding the birth of Angels too, he states:

Angels are not created at one time Rather, this is an ongoing process.
Thereafter, Imam ibne Hajr (Radi Allah Anho), has narrated seven Ahadith, five of which I have already
mentioned, while the other two are now added to the original eighteen.

1.19 Imam Abush-Sheikh (Radi Allah Anho), narrates from Imam Wahab bin Mambah (Radi Allah Anho):

There is a fountain of Almighty Allah found in space, which is so huge that seven layers of earth can fit
into it seven times. In it, one Angel from Heaven, whose size completely fills the fountain, descends. He
bathes in this fountain and when he emerges from it, drops of light, drip from his wings. From each
droplet, Almighty Allah creates one Angel who, like all Angels, constantly engages in the Tasbeeh
of Almighty Allah.

1.20 He further narrates another Hadith from Sayyiduna Ula bin Haroon (Radi Allah Anho), who
mentions that Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) stated:

Jibra'il (Alehis salam ) daily dives into the Fountain of Kauther and shakes his wings. From each droplet,
Almighty Allah creates one Angel.

By the Grace of the Almighty Allah and His Beloved Habeeb (saw), I recall another Hadith on this subject,
which can be further including in this list. In the book Kitabus Thawaab, Sayyiduna ibne Abid Duniya
(Radi Allah Anho), and Sayyiduna Abush Sheikh (Radi Allah Anho) have recorded a Hadith of Sayyiduna Imam
Jafar As-Sadiq (Radi Allah Anho), in which Sayyiduna Rasool Ullah (saw) has stated:

Whosoever makes a Muslim happy, Almighty Allah will create one Angel out of this happiness who
immediately engages himself in the worship of Almighty Allah and in exalting His Oneness. When
this person passes away and enters the grave, this Angel will appear in front of him and ask, " Do
you remember me? I am the same happiness with which you gladden the heart of a certain Muslim.
Today , I will comfort you in your hour of fear, teach you the answers to the questions that will
prove you a Believer and will show you your place in heaven".

N.B. The above Hadith Shareef is translated with full explanation for the reader to understand the
concept and meaning of the context. We humbly supplicate in the Court of the Almighty
Allah that this explanation will have taught you about the life and existence of the Angels. Aameen.

In conclusion, Most Exalted is the King of the Mighty Throne, Lord of the Angels, who has distinguished

Sayyiduna Muhammad-ur-Rasool Ullah (saw) from the entire creation. May the Almighty Allah in His Infinite
Mercy bestow the strength upon those who are misled on the straight Path and bestow upon those who are on the
Straight Path to remain on this path. Ameen Allahumma Ameen.

Written and Signed by;
The humble servant of Almighty Allah Almighty
Ahmed Raza Barelvi

(May the Merciful Lord forgive him)

The ink of a scholar is more Holier than the blood
of a Martyr. (Hadith Shareef )

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