HADHRAT SYED NAUSHA GANJ BAKHSH QADRI (RA)
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Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra), a scholar, saint and preacher of Islam in the Indo-Pak Subcontinent, was the founder of the Naushahia Order. He preached Islam in the ninth and tenth Hijri and brought non-Muslims into the fold of Islam. He loved the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and modelled his own life and teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah. His adherents call themselves Qadiri Naushahi or just Naushahi. Video footage below is of the Darbaaray Aaliya of Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra).
HIS BIRTH AND NAMES
Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra) was born on the first day of Ramadan in 959 A.H. (21 August 1552) at Ghogganwali, district Gujrat in Punjab, Pakistan. The name of his father was Ala’uddin (ra), who was respected for being a great Sufi of his own times. Despite all difficulties of undertaking a long journey in his days he had completed his pilgrimage to Mecca Mukarramah and Madinah Munawwarah seven times on foot, which shows how devoted to Islam he was.
At his birth he was named (Haji) Muhammad. This name was kept in accordance with some divine and supernatural messages. In the first instance he became famous by the name of Haji Muhammad. Later on he also became famous by the names of Haji Nausha, Abul Hashim, Bhoora Wala Pir (the enshrouded one), Mujaddid-i Islam (the great revival of the Islam), Nausha Ganj Bakhsh, Syed Nausha Pir and Nausha Pak. The name Nausha is also spelled and pronounced as Noshah.
His actual name is fully Sayyid (Syed) Haji Muhammad Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri.
It has been recorded that the first of the ancestors of Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra), who came to the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent, was Syed Awn ibn Ya‘la (ra), well known by the name of Qutb Shah Qadri (ra). This happened by order of Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra) in the fifth century A.H. (about the eleventh century according to western era). Moreover, he was an uncle of Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani and one of his spiritual successors born in 1028 in Baghdad. He is also the first person who introduced the Qadiria Order in India. Qutb Shah Qadiri (ra) was an appointed Qutb (spiritual pole) by Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra) for this Indian subcontinent. Due to his great efforts many of the Hindu tribes converted to the Islam. Among them are the tribes of Rajput, Chohan and Khokar. Most of them attained a blessed life in the religion. Qutb Shah Qadiri (ra) returned after his mission, that he did for many years, to Baghdad where he died in 1157. In this city you can also find his holy grave.
The son and the spiritual successor of Qutb Shah Qadiri (ra) was Syed Zaman Ali Muhsin. He spread the Islam in the southwest regions of the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent, Kohistan-i Namak and the surroundings of Saunsakesar. Many people converted due to him to the Islam and joined in his circle of Murids (spiritual disciples). His work for the religion even impressed the local ruler “Rani Bharat”, who later accepted the Islam as the true religion. The holy grave of Syed Zaman Ali Shah (ra) is located in Kirana, district Sargodha in Pakistan.
Syed Mahmud Shah (ra), better known as Pir Jalib, is one of the descendants of Syed Zaman Ali Shah (ra). He was an outstanding saint who possessed super natural gifts, called Tasarrufat. He was also called Pir Jalib, because of his numerous benefactions and his spiritual attraction. Like his forefathers he was a spiritual perfected person. His holy burial place is in Ramdiana, district Sargodha. Syed Shamsuddin Shahid (ra) was a great saint from the descendents of Pir Jalib. He always took with him his favourite weapon, a javelin. Hence he was called Sangin Shah Shahid. He became a martyr when he died during a battle in the way of Allah. Sangin Shah had two sons: Syed Ala’uddin Husain (ra) and Syed Rahimuddin (ra). The holy graves of both the brothers are situated in Ghogganwali, near Qadirabad in the district Gujrat, Pakistan.
Syed Ala’uddin (ra)is reckoned among the great spiritual masters of the mystical path. He observed very accurately the Shair‘ah, the Islamic laws. He had the Kunyah (a nickname indicating a parental relationship) Abu Isma‘il with the extra appellation Pir Ghazi. Among his contemporaries, just as his younger brother, he was an exceptional saint, from whom supernatural powers have been revealed till today. Syed Ala’uddin (ra), whose holy grave is in Ghogganwali, is also the father of Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra)
GENEALOGY / SHAJRA-E-NASAB
He was a true Syed (descendent of the family of the Prophet, peace be upon him) by his dynasty. Through a clearly established family tree of thirty-two generations he was related to Ali Al-Murtaza. His family was well known for nobility, virtue, purity, supernatural gifts and good deeds in the service of Islam.
Syed Hajji Muhammad Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra), is the son of
1- Syed Abu Isma‘il Ala’uddin Husain (ra), the son of
2- Syed Abul Ala Shamsuddin Shahid (ra), the son of
3- Syed Abu Sulaiman Jalaluddin Muhammad (ra), the son of
4- Syed Abdullah Zakir-i Hu (ra), the son of
5- Syed Sahibuddin Shah Muhammad (ra), the son of
6- Syed Ghulam Muhammad (ra), the son of
7- Syed Mu‘izzuddin (ra), the son of
8- Syed Abdussamad Arif (ra), the son of
9- Syed Ata’ullah (ra), the son of
10- Syed Abdul Awwal Zahid (ra), the son of
11- Syed Mahmud Shah, alias Pir Jalib (ra), the son of
12- Syed Kamaluddin Ahmad Zakir, the son of
13- Syed Abdul Mansur Jalaluddin Sultan (ra), the son of
14- Syed Muhammad Munawwar Bakhtmand (ra), the son of
15- Syed Sa‘iduddin Sikandar Shah Anwar (ra), the son of
16- Syed Burhanuddin Hubaira (ra), the son of
17- Syed Jalaluddin Gohar Ali (ra), the son of
18- Syed A’izzuddin Izzat (ra), the son of
19- Syed Jamaluddin Ishaq (ra), the son of
20- Syed Abdul Haqq Sajan (ra), the son of
21- Syed Ali Shah Muhsin (ra), the son of
22- Syed Abdul Ali Auwn (ra), the son of
23- Syed Ya‘la Qasim (ra), the son of
24- Syed Hamza Thani (ra), the son of
25- Syed Tayyar (ra), the son of
26- Syed Qasim (ra), the son of
27- Syed Ali (ra), the son of
28- Syed Ja‘far (ra), the son of
29- Syed Abul Qasim Hamzat-ul-Akbar (ra), the son of
30- Syed Abul Abbas Hasan (ra), the son of
31- Syed Ubaydullah Madani (ra), the son of
32- Syed Abul Fadl ‘Abbas Alamdar (ra), the son of
33- Syed Abul Hasan Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra), a cousin and son-in-law of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (The blessings and peace of Allah be upon them).
Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh Qadri (ra) was a saint of Allah by birth. He was highly gifted with the qualities of intelligence and memory. The books of religious history of his times tell us that he memorised the holy Qur’an within a short period of three months only. Among his teachers in this world were Qari Qaimuddin and Shaikh Abdul Haqq (ra).
He was widely respected and honoured for his knowledge of Tasawwuf (Islamic mysticism), because his inner experience helped him to demonstrate his superiority in his field. Actually the knowledge infinitive mysticism came to him from Allah directly (Ilm-i Ladunni). Mirza Ahmed Beg Lahori records that one night two angels came and placed their fingers into the mouth of Syed Nausha. All of a sudden he became a learned and knowledgeable man in the field of Islamic mysticism. The next morning he told his teacher about this extraordinary spiritual experience. The teacher remarked: “There is no need for you to get further knowledge from me. Perhaps on the Day of Judgement I shall be rewarded with salvation of my soul for having given a few lessons to you before this glorious spiritual experience.”
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) was an expert in the religious field, like Fiqh (Islamic law), Hadith (the report of the practise and sayings of the Prophet), Tafsir (exegeses of the Qur’an), logics, philosophy and Kalam (theology concerning the tenets of belief). His comprehensive knowledge of the religion is evident from his sayings.
Beside the important languages such as Arabic and Persian he knew Kashmiri, Sanskrit and many another regional languages as well. After having Islamic knowledge, he specialized himself in spiritual exercises.
SPIRITUAL GENEALOGY / SHAJRA-E-TAREEQAT
At the age of twenty-nine years Syed Nausha Pir (ra) accepted Shah Sulaiman Nuri (ra) as his spiritual guide. His guide welcomed him because he knew before that Nausha Pir (ra) was a chosen saint of Allah, the most exalted.
The spiritual succession of the Silsila (spiritual Order or chain of saints) of Syed Nausha Pir (ra) goes from one saint to another saint back to Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra). This spiritual lineage ends via Ali Al-Murtaza (ra) at the final and beloved Prophet Muhammad, the blessings and peace of Allah be upon them.
Syed Haji Muhammad Nausha Ganj Bakhsh disciple of
(1) Sakhi Shah Sulaiman Nuri (ra),
(2) Sakhi Shah Muhammad Ma‘ruf Khushabi (ra),
(3) Syed Mubarak Haqqani (ra),
(4) Shah Ghauth Muhammad (ra),
(5) Syed Shamsuddin Gilani (ra),
(6) Syed Shah Mir Gilani (ra),
(7) Syed Abul Hasan Ali Gilani (ra),
(8) Syed Mas‘ududdin Halbi (ra),
(9) Syed Abul Abbas Ahmad (ra),
(10) Syed Safiyiuddin Sufi (ra),
(11) Syed Saifuddin Abdul Wahhab (ra),
(12) Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra),
(13) Khawaja Abu Sa‘id Mukharrami (ra),
(14) Khawaja Abul Hasan Al-Hakkari (ra),
(15) Khawaja Abul Farah Yusuf Tartusi (ra),
(16) Khawaja Abul Fadl Tamimi (ra),
(17) Khawaja Abu Bakr Shibli (ra),
(18) Khawaja Abul Qasim Junaid Baghdadi (ra),
(19) Khawaja Shah Sari Saqati (ra),
(20) Khawaja Ma‘ruf Karkhi (ra),
(21) Khawaja Dawud Ta’i (ra),
(22) Khawaja Habib Ajami (ra),
(23) Khawaja Hasan Basri (ra),
(24) Ali Al-Murtaza ibn Abi Talib (ra),
(25) Syeduna Muhammad Al-Mustafa (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them)
He was a dedicated Muslim and a great scholar. In obedience of the instructions of his spiritual guide he left Ghogganwali to other places for serving the Islamic cause even more effectively. Knowledge was his passion and he kindled the same passion in the hearts of the others. This aspect of his thinking is clearly illustrated by his instructions to his son, when he set out to go to another town for acquiring knowledge. He told him that he should first give priority to his education and if he heard about his father’s death before completing his education he should not come back but pray for his salvation and continue to pursue his course of education. No wonder, his son became a great scholar in his own right after completing his educational career.
REASON FOR DESERVING THE HONORARY TITLE "NAUSHA".
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) received the titles “Ganj Bakhsh” and “Nausha" in the presence of Allah. Both names are Persian words. Ganj Bakhsh means literally bestower of hidden treasures, one who is very generous to show benefits to others, both in material and spiritual respect. The word Nausha points to a young king or a bridegroom. These honorary titles are related with his unique spiritual status: the Maqam-i Naushahat.”
One day Syed Nausha Pir (ra) was overpowered by the divine love. He descended in a dried up well, far from the living world, completely submerged in the meditation of Allah. Forty days had already passed in this state, till a shepherd cast a glance at him. He took him out of the well. When he saw that his body showed some signs of life, he quickly put goat’s milk in his mouth. Later on when he recovered to his worldly consciousness, he expressed his displeasure. Suddenly he heard a voice from the unseen that told him the happy news.
In another version this account continues: Just after he regretted the interference of the shepherd, he received Ilham (divine inspiration). He was told that he had attained a very high status in the presence of Allah. He got the command to sit under a dried out and withered tree. As soon as he sat there, it turned green and fully loaded by blossoms and fruit by the infinitely mercy of Allah. From each leave sounded “Nausha”, “Nausha” and when he faced towards the village, he heard all the jinn, the human beings, the animals and the angels calling “Nausha”, “Nausha”. All birds, all animals, trees and stones begun to say this name. Finally everything in the whole area began to call him “Nausha”, “Nausha”, after which he openly experienced the divine presence!
MARRIAGE AND CHILDREN
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) was married to the noble and chaste daughter of Syed Abu Nasr Fateh Muhammad Shah (ra) of the place called Qutb Naushehra. His virtuous and affectionate mother, Main Jiwni, arranged this marriage. He had two sons and one daughter. Their names were Syed Barkhurdar Shah (ra), Syed Muhammad Hashim Shah (ra) and Syeda Sairah (ra).
As mentioned before Ghogganwali was the birthplace of Syed Nausha Pir (ra) and at the same time his residence. By order of his Shaikh he settled down at Naushehra Tarran. Here he had the duty to show the people the right way. This place was used to be an unknown village, but due to the blessings of his presence, it became a sanctuary of seekers of Truth. Later on this village became known by the names Qutb Naushehra and Hazrat Naushehra. Syed Nausha Pir (ra) spent most of his life here. This place is located near Ranmal Sharif in the district Gujrat. Now it is under water due to the building of dams on this area.
CHARACTER AND HABITS
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) is well known for being exceedingly generous and gentle. Helping people, treating them hospitable and taking care of poor ones, orphans and widows, were some of his natural qualities. Providing food to travellers was also one of his distinctive habits. His blessed personality was in short an example of the best qualities. He usually took travellers and those in need who halted in the mosque under his personal care. Afterwards he provided them with shelter and their sustenance. Not only did he give advice, but he also took care of these persons in need.
He treated the poor with extreme compassion and greeted them first with the greeting of peace (Salam). He kept aloof from rich persons and those of the government. When he walked in the street, he usually looked straight forward, without turning right or left with his face. He put his steps very gently and was continuously immersed in the recollection of Allah.
Hospitality was one of the most outstanding qualities of Syed Nausha Pir’s (ra) character. Mirza Ahmed Beg Lahori states that he looked after his guests personally and arranged for their food himself. Allama Jamalullah says that once he and some of his pupils stayed in Syed Nausha’s (ra) mosque. They were highly impressed when he sent food for them from his own house. It is on record that he directed his sons to look after the guests with special care, when he entrusted the work of preaching the Islam to them.
Bravery was another significant quality of his character. He took part in many battles. It is also recorded that once a renowned wrestler, who was also the court wrestler at that time, named Sher Ali Khan challenged Syed Nausha Pir (ra) for a trial of strength. Syed Nausha Pir (ra) pressed the hand of this proud wrestler so powerfully that blood came out of the wrestler’s fingers. He was ashamed of his previous boastful behaviour. The wrestler fell down at his feet and begged to be forgiven.
Popularity was another feature of his personality. As a matter of fact, he combined the qualities of scholarship, piety, fear of Allah, inner enlightenment and bravery in his character. This made him extremely lovable and popular. Anyone who met him instantly became his admirer.
He usually spent his time in the mosque in teaching the holy Qur’an, leading the prayers five times a day and leading additional Nafl prayers by the riverside in the night. Anybody who watched him closely admired him. Amongst his admirers and followers are poets and scholars as well as mystics. Not only was there a wide range of people from the surrounding areas but people also came from places as far away as Kashmir, Kabul and Qandahar.
PRACTICING THE SUNNAH
In the daily life of Syed Nausha Pir (ra) the perfect example of the last and beloved Prophet, peace be upon him, was indispensable and undeniable. He put the Sunnah in practice as exact as possible. His routine, way of meditation, forms of etiquette were completely in agreement with this. His famous sayings about his practice are: My way of life is the Shari‘ah of the Prophet, peace be upon him. My way of the Tariqah is the Shari‘ah of the Prophet, peace be upon him. The way of life of the Prophet implies also my way of life. To walk through the Shari‘ah, as like walking on an illuminated way!
No spiritual exercise was allowed by him, which exceeded the Islamic boundaries of laws. Everything had to be exactly in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet, peace be upon him. This concerned his character as well all his habits, even his way of clothing. Those who were his disciples were saved from committing big and small sins. In addition to performing the daily subscribed prayers, they became enthusiastic to do voluntary prayers as well, such as the Tahjjud-prayer in the deepest of the night. Their spiritual conditions transformed entirely only by the impression of his benevolent glance. Finally, all their behaviour was determined by this, that could serve later as an example for others.
By day Syed Nausha Pir (ra) always put in view of the Sunnah a big woollen sheet. This piece of cloth is named Bhoora in the Punjabi language. Hence he was also called Bhoorawala Pir. The imitation of wearing such a woollen sheet was seen everywhere. Still today disciples linked with this Order put on such a Bhoora.
It was one of his habits, that when a Murid spoke about his own good deeds, it did not please Syed Nausha Pir (ra). When he said that it was about another friend, then he appreciated it. This was all about in following the Sunnah: the rendering of the friend is the friend. In this way one could see in all respect of his life how the Sunnah was put into practice by him.
All the teachings and rules of behaviour of Syed Nausha Pir (ra) were based on the Qur’an and the Hadith, the statements of the Qadiria Order. He strongly rejected all sorts of innovation, that contradicted these teachings. According to him, someone who has adopted to follow the spiritual path, first of all has to have a sound knowledge of the religion. He should recite the Qur’an accurately, repeat the Kalima (declaration of faith), observe himself and perform the voluntary prayers, like the Awwabin-prayer (an extra voluntary prayer after the evening-prayer, i.e. Maghrib). He performed the daily prescribed prayers in the mosque himself and recommended this also to his Murids (disciples). All spiritual exercises that didn’t agree with the Shari‘ah were not allowed by him. He always kept in view of the fact that all his actions and habits should be according to the perfect example of the beloved Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) made very clear, that he is not a Sufi (mystic) until he has purified himself totally. This purification is achieved by eliminating the sensual desires. This is eliminated in his turn, when the nafs (the ego that inclines to the evil) has been conquered by him. He conquers this by taking distance from pleasures in this worldly life and to consider this as transitory. He has to perform all his actions in contradiction to his nafs in order to attain this.
Usually Syed Nausha Pir (ra) gave instructions to his Murid to commemorate the death all the time and to be aware of it. “One has to live without any allegation or false attitude (= a clear mind)”, he said. He encouraged his friend to be in the company of saints and stated that one can only then become a good human being.
With great emphasis he pointed out the fact that action has to be done with sincere intention. He said that by sincerity, piety or Allah fearing, the body and by eating Halal the tongue is cleaned. (Halal something allowed by the religious law) One has according to him, not to expound the deficiencies and small faults of others, but he should rely on Allah’s trust and be satisfied with His will. He paid much attention to take care of the parents and those poor and in need. He said that the most claims belong to them and that taking care of them, it can be a significant cause attaining the divine grace. He incited also to eat little and to keep oneself awake in the night for the voluntary prayers and recollections. “By waking up the hart is illuminated”, he said.
All his teachings had their origin in the primary sources of the Islam: The Qur‘an and the Hadiths, supported by the conclusions of the Mujtahidin (those qualified to make religious decisions, according to one’s own capacity). He approved no more than the prescribed exercises that agreed with this.
CONVERSION OF NON-MUSLIMS TO ISLAM
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) spent his whole life in spreading the light of Islam and hundreds of thousands of non-Muslims accepted Islam as a result of his efforts. Beside the large majority of Hindus, there were also followers of Christianity, Buddhism and Parsism. This fact is even mentioned by non-Muslims. The English historian Sir Thomas Arnold and the French orientalist Garcin de Tassy have written this: There was in the Punjab a certain person, named Hajji Muhammad (ra), about whom is said that two hundred thousand Hindus converted to the Islam due to him.
A well-known Hindu leader, whose number of disciples exceeded more than one thousand and who possessed a great skill in the black magic (Istidraj), arrived one day accompanied by his followers at Syed Nausha Pir (ra). He asked permission to show his skill. He changed himself in three appearances: as an old man, a young man and as a child. After his performance he said that it took him twelve years to achieve this spiritual level, after withdrawing three times in Chillah (seclusion). Syed Nausha Pir (ra) answered that he has in reality wasted his lifetime by this engagement! “To take three different appearances comprises not any spiritual perfection at all. Accept that one is merged into the divine love in such a way, that when he looks at somebody, his hart is filled with this intense love!” After saying this he pronounced the article of faith “La ilaha (there is no god)” glancing at the riverside of the Chenab, whereupon a wave of water splashed in his direction. From every drop that fell on the ground before him was heard: “illallah (except Allah)!” Then Syed Nausha Pir (ra) looked at the Hindu leader in such a way, that he went into ecstasy and fell before the feet of Syed Nausha Pir (ra), breaking his cord of Hinduism and accepting the Islam as true religion. All his disciples and admirers followed him in this and were converted to the Islam.
There are many works of Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh (ra). As time passes they are compiled and published from manuscripts. At present there are five books of poetry and prose:
1 Kulliyat-i Nausha (Urdu poetry) consisting of 76 Risala´s and 2400 verses;
2 Kulliyat-i Nausha (Punjabi poetry) In this work 126 Risala´s are alphabetically arranged and totally consists of four thousand verses;
3 Ma‘arif-i Tasawwuf (Persian poetry) dealing with assignments on the spiritual path;
4 Mawa‘iz-i Nausha Pir (Punjabi prose) comprises delivered speeches and advices;
5 Ganj-ul-Asrar (the treasure of mysteries), a short Risala in prose ascribed to him.
Syed Nausha Pir (ra) had the well-known title “Ganj Bakhsh” and the poet’s pen name (Nome de plume) “Nausha”. He wrote his poems in Punjabi as well as in the Persian language.
According to Professor Ahmed Qureshi the following books are also written by Syed Nausha Pir (ra): Diwan Urdu, Diwan Punjabi (two poems in respectively Urdu and Punjabi), Mathnawi-ye Ganj (The Mathnawi of Nausha Ganj Bakhsh) and Mawa‘iz-i Nausha Pir (speeches of Syed Nausha Pir). The last mentioned work is not in verse. An example from this is as follows:
“ Oh friend, withdraw yourself from the world!
If you don’t, you have once to do that.
Don’t spoil your time of life;
Leave the fame of the world behind you!
Oh my true friend, follow your Murshid (guide)!
Do this in sincere surrendering in the hart with belief.
Commemorate the Kalima, in order you will no loose it;
The sufferings of this world and the last moment (death),
You can only prevail by this!”
DEPARTING FROM THIS WORLD
On Monday, the fifteenth of the Islamic month Rabi ‘ul-Awwal 1064 A.H. Syed Nausha Pir (ra) said farewell to this transitory world. He died a natural death and has became one hundred and five years old. This date corresponds to Monday the eighteenth May 1654 according the western calendars. This period coincides with the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
It is also said that a man in search of him along with his servant wandered several decades for being his disciple. After he found him he heard the news of his passing away, which he regretted so much. Syed Nausha Pir (ra) had said before his passing away that his body should be put in a chamber. The two mentioned persons were let alone in here. In the presence of the body of Syed Nausha Pir (ra), he wept so much that suddenly Syed Nausha Pir (ra) sat up and made them his disciple and lied down again. After this miraculous happening they went outside and felt enlightened; no one heard those two persons ever speak again.
HIS HOLY GRAVE
The Holy grave of Syed Nausha Pir (ra) is situated in Ranmal Sharif, Tehsil Phalia, district Gujrat in Pakistan. His burial place is open for any one to be visited. The part of land on which his grave has been buried, belongs to the territory of Ranmal Sharif. The number of plot was formerly 220 and at the present 84/1. In the past his grave was in Qutb-i Naushehra, where he was buried first. Due to the flood in 1757 his body was transferred somewhere else in Qutb-i Naushehra. When his coffin came at surface, his body was entirely intact, even his shroud was unharmed. After being damaged again by the river Chenab his coffin was moved to the west of Ranmal Sharif. Then his tomb was built, which remained so till 1950. In the same year this was damaged severely by a torrential rain. Consequently the supports subsided and cracks appeared in the tomb. His death anniversary (‘Urs) is held at this place every year again. It starts from the last Thursday of May and usually lasts seven days!
HIS SPIRITUAL SUCCESSORS
His elder son, Syed Barkhurdar (ra), acquired knowledge, and rose to a place of distinction in the field of mysticism. Many people benefited from him. The younger son, Syed Muhammad Hashim (ra) completed his education and training under the supervision of the well-known scholar of Punjab, Allama Abdul Hakim Sialkoti. Having distinguished himself in the science of interpretation of the Qur’an, the Hadith and Islamic law, he took over the responsibility of the Naushahia Order after the death of his illustrious father.
Among his renowned spiritual successors are: Syed Muhammad Hashim Shah (ra) (Sajjada Nashin: head of the spiritual succession in the Order), Shah Hafiz Mamuri (ra), Hafiz Nurmuhammad from Sialkot (ra), Shah Abdurrahman Pak (ra), Pir Muhammad Sachyar, Syed Salih Muhammad (ra), Shah Abdullah Chaumukkhi (ra), Shah Fatehmuhammad (ra), Shah Sadr Diwan (ra), Khawaja Muhammad Fuzail (ra) from Kabul, Syed Shah Muhammad Shahid (ra), Hazrat Muhammad Ismail (ra), Abdulhakim Sialkoti (ra), Nazr Muhammad Kunjahi (ra), Allama Abul Baqa (ra), Khushi Muhammad Kunjahi (ra) and Radiyuddin Kunjahi (ra).
The Qadiri Naushahi Order comprises as a consequence of spiritual succession sub-branches carrying the name of the successors after Syed Nausha Pir (ra), such as Barkhurdari Naushahi, Hashimi Naushahi, Sachyari Naushahi, Bahr ul-Ulumi and the like.
His descendants are still continuing this tradition, of serving the Islam and the Muslims. Among his descendants Pir Syed Abul Kamal Barq Naushahi (ra)(1924-1985) and Pir Syed Ma‘ruf Hussain Shah (born 1936) specially deserved to be mentioned.
The Preaching of Islam by Sir Thomas W. Arnold and Langue la literature Hindoustanies de 1850 à 1869 by M.J.H. Garcin de Tassy.
A great number of spiritual successors of Syed Nausha Ganj Bakhsh (ra) have made notes about his life and teachings. The most well-known treatises and reports are written by the authors of the early period are:
Maulvi Muhammad Ashraf Manchari (Kanz-ur-Rahmat)
Muhammad Mah Sadaqat Kunjahi (Thawaqib ul-Manaqib)
Mirza Ahmed Beg Lahori (Risalah al-‘Ijaz)
Hafiz Muhammad Hayat Barkhurdari (ra) (Tadhkirah Naushahia)
Pir Kamal Lahori (Taha’if-i Qudsia)
Muhammad Hashim Shah (ra)(1735-1843) (Chahar Bahar)
Among the authors of the later period who have mainly adopted from the early sources are:
Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Lahori (Hadiqat ul-Awliya, Khazinat al-Asfiya)
Syed Sharafat Ahmed Barkhurdari (ra)(1907-1983) (Azkar-i Naushahia, Ganj ul-Asrar)
Syed Abul Kamal Barq Naushahi (ra)(1924-1985): Naushah Ganj Bakhsh aur unki Talimat, Shajarah Sharif Naushahi, Karamat-i Naushah Pir and many other writings.
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